Folk remedies should be used to treat toenail fungus in the early stages of nail plate damage. The sooner you take steps to get rid of the disease, the more effective the treatment will be. It is recommended to use pharmaceutical preparations in the late stage, and traditional medicine can only be used as an auxiliary treatment.
In order to get rid of fungi, you can use medicinal plants, soda water, boric acid, hydrogen peroxide and other means. Herbal tinctures are as effective as essential oils.
Toenail fungus or onychomycosis always starts with damage to the nail plate of the big toe. Yellow spots and streaks appear first. The disease progresses slowly, so this stage can last for a long time, as long as several months. Then the change of the nail plate begins-it thickens and deforms. Starting from the big toe, the fungal infection gradually spread to other nails. The severe form of this disease is manifested by obvious deformation of the nail plate, changes in nail color and structure, secretions, and a strong unpleasant odor.
Fungal infections can also spread to the interdigital space. This is manifested as redness and peeling of the skin between the toes. Due to the decline in local immunity, there is a risk of secondary infection. In this case, a rash will appear in the affected area, and the skin will appear to be itchy and swollen.
Fungus on hands is very rare. In this case, if a person does not follow the hygiene rules when treating fungal toenails, self-infection can occur. The pathogenic microbes colonize the nail plate of the hand and may not be felt for a long time. The process of nail damage takes longer than a leg disease. Frequent contact with water and heavy sweating of the palms will accelerate the growth of pathogenic microorganisms. The ideal environment for fungi to grow is moist skin, while pathogens grow faster in hot environments.
Wearing socks, wearing tight shoes and improper foot hygiene can lead to the development of foot diseases. On the other hand, hands are usually not bound by gloves and are more often exposed to household chemicals and soaps, which slow down the spread of fungi.
It is necessary to comprehensively treat toenail fungus at home. In addition to using homemade solutions and ointments, foot baths are also absolutely necessary. They are both auxiliary and main medicines, helping to steam and soften nail plates, provide antiseptic treatment and skin hygiene.
The foot bath prepares the nails for the application of therapeutic drugs. After steaming your legs, be sure to remove their overgrown areas. If the damage is severe, you need to use a nail file when the upper layers of the nail plate begin to deform.
It is important to use disposable manicure tools. Fungal spores can adhere to the surfaces of scissors and nail files, so repeated use of them without disinfection can cause healthy nails to become infected.
The steamed pegboard must be carefully processed not only along the edges, but also along the top. This will help remove the softened area and allow better penetration of the drug.
Patients often complain that the treatment of big toe fungus does not work. This is due to a violation of personal hygiene rules. Fungal spores can stay on clothes, socks, towels, bathroom surfaces-that is, on everything that comes into contact with the affected area. The pathogenic microbiota is highly resistant to household chemicals. Due to improper or inadequate handling, the fungus can survive for several months. After a course of treatment, a person may be infected again by touching clothes or shoes with spores.
During treatment, it is recommended to allocate two sets of clothes, shoes, towels, socks and sheets. Every day, it is necessary to carry out a comprehensive antiseptic treatment on the things that the patient touches during the day. It is recommended to boil socks, towels and bedding, then iron or steam with an iron. It is best to use special sprays and disinfectants to treat shoes.
Therefore, effective treatment is possible only when a person has learned some rules:
- Nail washing is not a whim, but a necessary preparation and medical procedure;
- One-time manicure tools for successful treatment;
- Shoes and clothes must be disinfected every day.
Treating nail fungus is a long process. You must be patient, because it is impossible to completely overcome the infection immediately. You need to use home remedies in the course.
Various preservatives are used to prepare the bath. The procedure has two goals at the same time-steaming the legs, preparing for the application of medicines, and preventing the spread of fungal flora to healthy nails. You can use any recipe, and most importantly, use it regularly:
- Collect 4 liters of hot water in a basin, and pour 50 ml of celandine oil into the water.
- Dissolve three tablespoons of laundry soap crumbs in a glass of water. Add two tablespoons of baking soda and stir until completely dissolved. Pour the resulting solution into a bowl of hot water.
- The simplest recipe: Add half a cup of salt and soda to a bowl of hot water. This product can fight fungal infections very well, but it has an obvious disadvantage-it makes the skin of the feet extremely dry. After bathing, it is recommended to apply any oily cream on the feet.
- Add a tablespoon of soda and salt to a bowl of water, and squeeze the juice of half a lemon. You can use lemon essential oil (7-10 drops).
- Add 20 ml of iodine solution to the water.
- Alcoholic propolis tincture can effectively fight fungi. On average, one tablespoon of tincture is required per liter of hot water.
- Acorus calamus root has antiseptic and fungicidal effects. Two tablespoons of roots chopped with a knife must be boiled for 20 minutes in a glass of water, and then left for three hours. Strain the broth and add it to a bowl of hot water.
- You can use pine needles or celandine herb. In the first case, a basin of water requires two cups of needles. Use dried celandine. For 4-5 liters of water, add 4 tablespoons of ingredients.
- Another effective recipe: 5 tablespoons of laundry soap crumbs and 1 tablespoon of iodine.
- Boric acid is widely used in treatment. It is necessary to add the boric acid solution to the foot bath at a rate of one tablespoon of product per liter of water.
Foot bath should be performed for 15-20 minutes every day. It is best to perform this procedure before going to bed. Bathing is a preparatory stage before using powerful potions, but it can be used to prevent fungal infections after visiting public places with high humidity.
Soda and salt
You can use a simple and affordable method to remove fungus from adults. Salt is used as a preservative, and baking soda has an antifungal effect. For the treatment of fungi in children, this method cannot be used because these substances can make the skin very dry. The baby may be irritated.
The fastest way to remove fungus is to use baking soda paste. When preparing it, mix it with water in equal proportions. Apply the product on each nail for 10 minutes. For convenience, you can use plastic wrap. After the operation, wash your feet with water instead of soap.
You can use the following solutions to treat nails. Mix one teaspoon of baking soda, salt and iodine, and add 2 tablespoons of water. In the resulting product, moisten it with a cotton swab and apply it to each affected nail for 5 minutes.
An excellent fungal remedy that has stood the test of time is soda and vinegar. Other ingredients are needed to prepare the medicine. It is necessary to grind a quarter bar of laundry soap and dissolve the shavings in 100 ml of warm water. Then add 2 teaspoons to the soapy water. Soda water and 1 teaspoon. Acrimonious. Mix everything thoroughly, then use a cotton swab to apply to your nails. It is recommended to wrap the dressing with plastic wrap. This application should be kept for 15 minutes.
Boric acid treatment
Boric acid is a powerful antiseptic and helps remove nail fungus. It can be applied in many ways:
- Apply boric acid ointment to each affected nail twice a day, morning and evening. Before that, you need to steam your legs.
- Add boric acid powder to the foot bath, once every three days in the evening. Proportion-20 grams of powder per 4 liters of water.
- Use boric acid solution for application overnight. To do this, please dilute with water (1: 1), and then apply the product with a cotton swab or nail polish brush.
The boric acid treatment was carried out for two weeks. Long-term use of boric acid can cause side effects-nausea, headache, and hypotension. The product is not used to treat children and pregnant women.
You can treat the nail plate with normal hydrogen oxide. The product can be applied neatly. To do this, dip a cotton swab in the solution and treat the nail plate. Used peroxide to fight fungi for two weeks. In the first one, it is better to use a clean solution, and in the second one, mix it with water. This method of application will help avoid side effects in long-term treatment.
Peroxide can be added to the foot bath. Proportion-one tablespoon per liter of water.
All of the above methods of fighting fungi have an obvious disadvantage-they can make the skin very dry. This can cause discomfort, peeling, and irritation of the periungual folds. A simple homemade ointment will help solve the problem. To prepare it, you will need:
- Sea buckthorn oil
- An egg.
It is necessary to mix a tablespoon of oil and vinegar with an egg. You can only use egg yolk-this will make the ointment more nutritious. Use this mixture every day before going to bed. The treatment process takes about three weeks. The product must be used until the symptoms disappear completely. Homemade ointment can perfectly soften the skin, vinegar can destroy the fungus, and sea buckthorn oil can stimulate the repair of the affected nail plate.
Tinctures and oils
You can lubricate the nail plate with an alcohol tincture of propolis. The agent has antiseptic effect and enhances local immunity. For effective treatment, treatment should be performed 3 times a day. Use a cotton swab or nail polish brush to apply the tincture. It is convenient to pour the product into an empty varnish bottle and use it. You don't need to wash off the product.
In pharmacies, you can buy celandine oil. This drug is toxic, but it has a good resistance to fungi. If the oil is used correctly, there will be no side effects and no trace of fungus will be left in just 10-14 days. Use a pipette to apply oil. It is necessary to steam your legs and remove the affected layer of the nail plate before using the product. Celandine oil should be used at night.
Tea tree oil is a powerful natural preservative. The product has a bactericidal effect. The oil should be applied to the nails before going to bed. You don't need to wash it off.
Another effective treatment is to use lemon oil. The product can be added to the bathtub, compressed or smeared clean. When preparing the bathtub, use 10 drops of oil for every 4 liters of water. You can add 5 drops of oil to 50 ml of water, apply gauze in the solution, and then apply it to your nails for 15 minutes. Apply carefully in pure form. Only one drop is enough to treat nails. Apply the product with a pipette or brush, leave it for 20 minutes, and then wash it off with water.
The nail plate should be treated with fungus every day. On average, the course takes about three weeks. It is recommended to continue treatment for a week after the symptoms disappear. To prevent re-infection, use bathing and compresses twice a week.