Toenail fungus is a common skin disease that is diagnosed in almost every fifth person. Foot mycosis (onychomycosis) is caused by damage to the nails or feet caused by the fungus-Trichophyton rubrum. Usually, molds and candida will join the trichophyton community. The cause of the disease may be leg bruises, wounds, cuts and corns, unhygienic foot care, taking antibiotics and other drugs, excessive sweating of the feet, and low immunity.
Externally, nail fungus manifests as discoloration and thickening of the nails, which can cause their destruction or fragmentation. The fungus is located between the base and the nail plate, making the nail plate white, gray, yellow, brown, and sometimes green or black.
The strategy and treatment of nail fungus are determined by the doctor individually, taking into account the location, distribution and severity of fungal lesions, the duration of the disease, and the presence of accompanying diseases.
Due to the growth and reproduction of pathogenic fungi, toxic substances accumulate in the human body. They are carried with the bloodstream, which can cause deterioration of metabolic processes and increase the body's sensitivity to external factors. The long-term course of onychomycosis can lead to the development of allergic reactions, the deterioration of chronic diseases and the weakening of the immune system.
In order to avoid serious complications, when the first symptoms of toenail fungus are found, please consult your doctor, who will prescribe an appropriate treatment plan.
Toenail fungus treatment
In order to prescribe an effective treatment plan, it is important to determine the cause of mycosis and the type of fungus. To this end, the doctor will collect clinical data during the consultation and perform cultural and microscopic examinations of the affected nail scrapings. In some cases, the analysis of nail particles and PCR diagnosis are prescribed.
On average, foot mycosis treatment lasts 3-6 months. Taking into account the nature and spread of fungal lesions, the severity of clinical manifestations, and the type of pathogen, the treatment of foot fungus may include foot hardware therapy, systemic medication, use of topical medications, and observation of some preventive measures.
Laser treatment of toenail fungus
In the past, the treatment of onychomycosis was carried out using a radical cure: the affected nail was surgically removed, and then a long-term recovery began. Due to the development of modern technology, lasers are used today to perform hardware processing on nails to treat fungal lesions. Using a laser beam, the doctor can remove only the affected area of the nail without damaging the healthy tissue. Compared with surgical resection, laser treatment of foot fungus has the characteristics of fewer postoperative complications and short recovery period.
When more than 40% of the surface is affected, it is stipulated that the nail plate should be removed by hardware methods. The number of laser treatments is determined by the doctor alone.
After laser irradiation, as the nail plate grows, special local treatment should be carried out. Immunomodulators and antibacterial agents can also be prescribed.
Preparations and remedies for treating toenail fungus
When less than 40% of the nail plates are affected, the initial treatment of mycosis is the use of topical drugs (solutions, varnishes, ointments, gels, creams). In order to achieve the desired results, it is important to comply with the prescribed regimen and drug dosage.
Consider the location of fungal lesions and skin type to select topical agents for the treatment of leg fungal diseases. Dry skin is treated with high-fat preparations. Prescribe ointment for the soles of the feet and prescribe a suspension for the spaces between the toes. In addition, foot mycosis is treated with varnishes and special creams. In order for the drug to penetrate the nail better, remove the affected nail plate (as shown in the picture).
After 2 weeks of treatment, the topical medication must be changed because the fungal infection has developed resistance to the medication during this period. For the growth of nails, the doctor prescribes special drugs, which should take about a year to treat the affected area. If the interdigital space or the foot is damaged by fungal disease, use the ointment for one month.
To achieve successful results, local treatments are combined with systemic treatments. In this case, the patient was prescribed antifungal drugs and immunostimulants. The effectiveness of systemic medication depends on compliance with prescribed treatment regimens. The choice of medicine and its dosage are determined by the doctor alone.
In the early stages of restriction of systemic drug intake and fungal disease, local drug treatment is used alone.
Prevention and advice after comprehensive treatment of toenail fungus
If the treatment is chosen correctly, the fungal disease will not recur. Since the subsequent development of the disease is due to re-infection, the most effective treatment for toenail fungus is prevention.
To avoid re-infection of the fungus and obtain the maximum therapeutic effect, the following recommendations should be followed:
- Treat all areas where fungi may remain with antibacterial drugs;
- Use special methods to disinfect the bottom and walls of the bathtub;
- Replace household slippers and treat shoes, shoes, boots and other footwear with ultraviolet rays or special preparations;
- Wash and iron sheets, towels, tights and socks thoroughly;
- Disinfect manicure supplies;
- Use personal hygiene products in public places (gym, swimming pool);
- Regularly monitor the condition of the feet.
Self-treatment of onychomycosis can cause undesirable complications, so if you find the first signs of nail fungus, please contact a competent specialist.